General Guidance on Tuning


The art of tuning the Miruthangam is an exceptional skill which can only be mastered with sufficient practice. An individual must also have a keen ear to recognize minute variations in pitch for effective tuning, this knowledge in the Carnatic musical world is called ‘Sruthi Gnanam’.

It is vital a Miruthangam is always well maintained as this inevitably results in efficient tuning. The Miruthangam must always be kept in its bag with its head cover. It must always be placed in a warm area dry area so that the skin doesn’t get damaged.

If the Miruthangam is not maintained, it may require balancing, or may require the straps to be tightened to the desired pitch, or may be that the Mootu is damaged that it needs to be replaced. Whatever it may be the Miruthangam, not being in a good condition, must be repaired to the best condition possible before tuning can commence.

The artist may use an available tool that creates a perfect pitch as a reference to aid tuning. Any of the following may be used:

-       Tambura

-       Harmonium

-       Sruthi Box

-       Electronic Tambura

-       Electronic Sruthi Box

-       Pitch Pipe

-       Guitar Tuner

Tuning instructions detailed in this section can be applied in conjunction with either the Sruthi box or the Tuner.





Accessories required for tuning include the Kallu (stone), Pollu (dowel) and the Aapu (tapered dowel).

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